User:AZOperator/Singapore: US and North Korean leaders signing joint statement at denuclearization summit

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{{abandoned|June 24, 2018}} {{tasks|news|mos|re-review...}}{{date|June 12, 2018}}{{North Korea}}

North Korea Chairman Kim Jong-un
Image: The White House.
United States President Donald Trump
Image: The White House.

Tuesday at 9:00 SGT (0100 UTC Monday), North Korean (DPRK) Chairman Kim jong-Un and United States (U.S.) President Donald Trump met for the first time at Sentosa Island, Singapore, the site of a summit, planned during tremulous U.S.-DPRK relations, signing a joint statement regarding denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and generally easing of diplomatic tensions. Today's greetings mark the first time Kim has personally met with a western dignitary and the first time a DPRK leader has met with a sitting U.S. president.

The summit is the product of months of preparations including delegations originating from the U.S., DPRK, South Korea, China, Russia, Japan, and others. The White House abruptly withdrew on May 24th, when scheduled joint military exercises were regarded by Kim as threatening DPRK sovereignty, DPRK Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui referring to U.S. Vice President Mike Pence as a "political dummy", and suggested a possible nuclear exchange. Trump stated the DPRK were acting out of, "tremendous anger and open hostility". South Korean President Moon Jae-in swiftly met with Kim four days later in the Joint Security Area inside the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) keeping possible communications about denuclearization and unification open.

DPRK displayed their resolve towards denuclearization on April 30th, by inviting foreign media to observe the decommissioning of Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site. DPRK has detonated 6 nuclear devices underground, the September 3rd test created a 6.3 magnitude earthquake with a U.S. Air Force Technical Applications Center estimation of 70-250 kilotons and the state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), claiming it was the first hydrogen bomb.

Kim did reach out to the United Nation's Secretary General António Guterres for neutral observers, ultimately the Security Council authorized the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to supervise the decommissioning. The overall effects of the explosive decommissioning on the nuclear arms program is debatable internationally, as estimates of as many as 80 nuclear devices stockpiled in three possible military munitions banks have not been disclosed.

The summit centerpiece revolves around Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center with its 2 reactors capable of producing 50-200 MW of electricity while producing enriched fissionable material for the 6 known nuclear devices detonated at the now decommissioned test site. Summit goals generally addressed the center's divisions regarding nuclear materials, enrichment, nuclear waste disposal, and the ballistic missiles.

The site, Sentosa Island, is part of the 80-island chain which make up the sovereign city-state of Singapore. Sentosa consists mostly of resort style amenities including a golf course which can be accessed via vehicle, boat, helicopter, or mass transit, however all will be restricted during the summit. Press Secretary Sarah Sanders confirmed the summit will be held at the Capella Hotel however neither will reside there during the summit. Trump will be staying at the Shangri-La Hotel and Kim at the St Regis Singapore. All three hotels will not have rooms available from May 28 thru June 15, for security.

On May 25th, Trump sent a logistics envoy to Singapore assuring the summit will run smoothly and the security of the two dignitaries. Over the weekend, the Secret Service ramped up efforts identifying potential Chinese spies, devices, and forged credentials gaining access to sensitive U.S. materials and technology. China's intelligence infrastructure is considered a persistent threat by U.S. intelligence officials, as workers at the U.S. Embassy in China are experiencing symptoms of dizziness, headaches, tinnitus, fatigue, cognitive issues, visual problems, hearing loss, and difficulty sleeping are being sent home.

Security tightened further after three aircraft left Pyongyang. First was a Ilyushin transport plane carrying Kim's modified limousine, second was an Air China Boeing 747 which usually transports China's president Xi Jinping, and finally a Soviet era personal jet as a decoy. Kim landed at Changi International Airport Sunday afternoon being transported to the St. Regis Singapore where DPRK media and aids dressed in matching black suites with initial reports of DPRK security accosting onlookers in the reception area. Trump landed shortly after aboard Air Force One at Paya Lebar Air Force Base being transported via armored limousine, traveling directly from the G-7 meeting in Canada. Singapore's Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan greeted both dignitaries as they came off their aircraft.

The DPRK delegation for the summit included former DPRK's Reconnaissance General Bureau Kim Yong-chol, Minister of Foreign Affairs Ri Yong-ho, and Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Choe. The U.S. delegation consisted of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, White House Chief of Staff John F. Kelly, National Security Adviser John R. Bolton, National Security Council's Asia theater leader Matthew Pottinger, and Philippine Ambassador Sung Y. Kim. Dignitaries and diplomats from China, Russia, and South Korea were available at quick notice, but were unnecessary.

Trump and Kim's first handshake would take place in front of a row of flags with reporters and cameras. The two exchanged in-audable statements to each other before posing for the amassed international media. As a brief departure from the scheduled meetings, Trump and Kim had a private meeting with only two interpreters available for approximately 40-minutes. Dr. Yun-hyang Lee, Ph.D. was the interpreter for Trump confirmed through the Department of State and the DPRK leader's interpreter is unknown. After the short change of plans, advisors were allowed to enter and the formal schedule proceeded.

North Korea Chairman Kim Jong-un and United States President Donald Trump in Bilateral meetings in Singapore
Image: Dan Scavino, Jr..

Approximately five hours into summit negotiations, Trump and Kim agreed upon a joint statement regarding U.S.-DPRK relations. The statement is neither a treaty or resolution, therefore it does not need to be ratified by the United States Senate in accordance to Article II § 2 of the United States Constitution. Both leaders signed the joint statement in front of journalists and cameras; specifically recognized four areas changing U.S.-DPRK policy:

  1. The U.S. and the DPRK commit to establish new US-DPRK relations in accordance with the desire of the peoples of the two countries for peace and prosperity.
  2. The U.S. and DPRK will join their efforts to build a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.
  3. Reaffirming the April 27, 2018 Panmunjom Declaration, the DPRK commits to work toward complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula
  4. The U.S. and the DPRK commit to recovering POW/MIA remains, including the immediate repatriation of those already identified

These four areas specified in the nearly 300-word statement has no means of reassurance, verification, punishment, or a timetable for implementation, however White House officials confirm economic sanctions will remain until the terms are reasonably implemented. Trump, after the signing, called the joint statement as "tremendous" and characterized the relationship between the U.S.-DPRK as, "We both want to do something. We both are going to do something. And we have developed a very special bond ... people are going to be very impressed. People are going to be very happy."

As an unexpected move, Trump announced all joint military exercises with South Korea would cease immediately. A statement issued from Moon says, “At this moment we need to figure out President Trump's accurate meaning and intention of this comment ... However, we believe we need to seek various measures how to efficiently move forward the dialogues [as] serious talks are being conducted to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula and establish relationships between North Korea and the United States.” At the time of the summit, the U.S. and South Korea were conducting joint ground military exercises and would continue until official orders are changed.

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Category:United States Category:North Korea Category:Singapore Category:China Category:Nuclear weapons