User:Bjq908 uow/UN releases report on severe child abuses across 21 countries

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Sunday, June 16, 2013

UN annual report on Children in Conflict Zones
Image: UN .

UN secretary-general, Ban ki-Moon has released a report documenting rising injustices against children in Syria and 21 other areas of conflict. A "List of Shame" was included in the report, which according to the UN website lists 55 "armed forces who recruit and use children" to "kill and maim, commit sexual violence or attacks on schools and hospitals." Findings on child abduction and the denial of humanitarian rights were also included.

Ban ki-Moon has deemed the abuse of Syrian children in conflict zones as “unacceptable and unbearable.” As the conflict reaches it's third year, the death tole has risen to nearly 93 000 - of those deaths approximately 6000 were children according to the UN human rights office.

Other conflict areas included countries such as Pakistan and India. In Pakistan the report stated "a total of 51 children were reportedly killed by improvised explosive devices, roadside bombs and suicide bombings, 26 by mortar attacks and 14 by landmines and unexploded ordnance" as well as deaths caused by Drone attacks. In India it was reported that children as young as 12 have been "present in Maoist youth groups and allied militia, handling weapons and improvised explosive devices. Children were reportedly not allowed to leave those associations and faced severe reprisals, including the killing of family members."

The report also shows evidence of progress in child protection in Somalia, South Sudan, Myanmar and the DRC. Ban ki-Moon has stated that 1 288 cases of verified "grave violations" against children between January and March last year have dropped down to 522 cases in the same period, this year. The United Nation have announced that this is due to less fighting between Islamist al-Shabaab militants and government forces.

Further findings from the report state that the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Federation, Myanmar, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan have had "thousands of children... separated from armed forces" and futher action plans are being enforced by the UN to prevent future recruitment.