A 1-year long strike against FMC Novamed: Women workers allege unfair treatment
Monday, September 17, 2007
In a free trade zone in Antalya, Turkey, 80 women workers of FMC Novamed are in strike for almost a year now, since September 26th, 2006. They allege not only low wages but also severe abuses on FMC's part.
Novamed, founded in 2001, is a factory managed by Turkish capitalists and located in the free trade zone in Antalya, Turkey. 95% of its workers are women. It is owned by Fresenius Medical Care (FMC), which is an international corporation with its headquarters in Germany. With factories in 12 countries and a total of 100,000 workers, FMC is a monopoly in the market of dialysis products.
Abuses by FMC Novamed
Following is a list of some of the abuses as alleged by the woman workers of the union:
- Married woman workers are not allowed to become pregnant without FMC Novamed's approval. Each worker is given a schedule, which specifies during which months they are allowed to become pregnant. If a woman worker becomes pregnant in "breach" of this given schedule, she is terminated without compensation.
- Woman workers are required to get permission from the employer before getting married.
- To "save energy" for their work at the factory, workers are being advised:
- not to accept guests in their own homes when they are off the clock,
- not to communicate or even have sex with their spouses when they are off the clock,
- not to see each other when they are off the clock,
- only to eat and sleep when they are off the clock.
- Workers are treated inhumanely, and continuously humiliated regardless of whether they make a mistake or not.
- Managers and supervisors call their workers to their office and accuse and humiliate them in such a way that there are few workers who come out of these accusation-performances without crying.
- Workers are not allowed to talk to each other during work hours, as well as in the shuttle during their trips from and to work.
- Workers are allowed inside the factory premises after being "sniffed" by their supervisors, because smoking during work hours is forbidden.
- During work hours, there is only a 15-minute break and a 25-minute lunch break. During lunch, instead of food, the factory is serving tea and cookies.
- An average shuttle trip from home to work may take as long as 2 hours because there are not enough shuttles allocated by the factory for the workers.
The Road to Forced Strike
In 2005, FMC Novamed had 264 workers. Workers applied to the Labor Ministry of Turkey for a union license after its union members (162 then) became the majority among the factory's workers. However, they were sued for the license and due to the procedures of the lawsuit, the membership list of the union had to be given to the employer, FMC Novamed. Following pressure from the company, workers started to quit the union, and even the factory itself.
When the union finally managed to start negotiations with FMC Novamed, they were greeted by an attitude of indifference. As the negotiations were blocked, the union had to decide whether to strike. They were inclined to apply to "Grand Arbitrator Committee" (Yüksek Hakem Kurulu), a committee whose duty is to arbitrate between the employer and the employee when they cannot negotiate themselves and are bound for a strike.
However, in the meantime, FMC Novamed employed an unfamiliar anti-union strategy: the factory employed workers and enrolled them in the union, but interestingly not as strike-breakers. While the union workers voted for an arbitrator instead of going to strike, the factory-employed workers, now the majority, voted for the strike and won. In the end, those who voted yes for the strike kept on working during the strike, while those who voted no ended up in a forced strike: if they would not strike, their union license would be revoked...
FMC Novamed's Response
FMC Novamed maintains that all the allegations by the union workers are a lie. According to Cem Günaltay, the Finance Manager for Novamed, the workers who are on strike and all the members of the union are lying. FMC's International Production Manager Antonio Raffa claimed that the union is insincere and hypocritical in its allegations.
The Significance of Free Trade Zones
According to Burn (2005, p. 170-172), Free Trade Zones are established in "Third World" countries because they are generally exempt from tax, labor, safety, health, and environment laws when they do business in these zones. In these zones, women are the preferred labor force because they can be hired for significantly lower pay and under significantly less desirable working conditions than men can. Often from rural areas and unaware of their rights, in a setting with high unemployment rates, left unprotected by their nation-state, and already oppressed by the harsher patriarchal conditions of their societies, women workers in a transnational factory have little choice other than to accept the questionable work conditions imposed on them.
Support Meetings by Other Organizations
- September 17th, 2007 - 7am - In front of the Şişli Adliyesi, İstanbul.
- September 17th, 2007 - 5pm - In front of the Eminönü Üsküdar İskelesi, İstanbul.
- Ertuğrul Mavioğlu. "Serbest bölgede bir yıllık kadın grevi (A one year long women's strike in free trade zone)" — , September 16, 2007
- "Antalya Serbest Bölgesi'nde Bir Örgütlenme Mücadelesi: Novamed İşçisinin Grev Hikâyesi (A struggle for organization in Antalya Free Trade Zone: The Story of Strike by Novamed Workers)" — , September 16, 2007
- ICEM Executive Committee. "ICEM resolution on strike by women workers at Novamed, Antalya, Turkey" — , May 10, 2007
- "Novamed Grevi 15inci gününde (Novamed Strike in its 15th Day)" — , October 10, 2006
- "Grevdeki Novamed İşçisi Destek Bekliyor (Novamed Workers on Strike looking for support)" — , November 20, 2006
- Burn, S. M.. "[ Women Across Cultures: A Global Perspective]" — , 2005