Sultan Qaboos of Oman dies
Sunday, January 12, 2020
On Friday, Oman, died aged 79. He had recently had health problems, reportedly colon cancer. Tributes were paid by world leaders including the Iranian Foreign Minister and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson., the long-serving of
The government of Oman announced three days of mourning. Before Qaboos's burial at a family cemetery, his successor, Muscat., attended funeral prayers at the in
Qaboos became Sultan in 1970 after overthrowing his father, Sultan. By the time of his death, Qaboos's reign was the longest in the Arab world. He was known for pursuing a neutral foreign policy and mediating in several Middle Eastern disputes as a "friend to all and enemy to none". Most notably, he helped negotiate the that was signed in 2015.
Recently there had been growing concerns over his health. Following a week-long stay in a Belgian hospital, he returned to Oman in the middle of December, although there was no official information on what treatment he had received.
Qaboos was born 1940 and received his education in India and the in the United Kingdom, followed by a cultural tour of the world. Arriving back home in 1964, he turned to the study of Islamic law and Omani history.
Qaboos's 1970 overthrew of his father was a bloodless British-backed coup. He began a programme of reform which changed his poorly-developed country into a relatively prosperous nation.
Qaboos did not have children, so Omani law allowed three days for a royal council to select a successor. If they could not do so, the council and other leaders would open a sealed letter from Qaboos naming his preferred successor.
When the royal council met, they chose to open the letter and acknowledged Qaboos's cousin, Haitham, as the new Sultan. After the funeral, Haitham said he would continue Qaboos's policies including a neutral approach to foreign affairs.
- "Oman's Sultan Qaboos, a negotiator in a volatile region" — , January 11, 2020
- Bethan McKernan. "Sultan of Oman dies and is succeeded by cousin" — , January 11, 2020
- Chris Robertson. "Sultan of Oman remembered as a 'good friend' by the Queen" — , January 11, 2020
- "Sultan Qaboos of Oman, Arab world's longest-serving ruler, dies aged 79" — , January 11, 2020
- Tuqa Khalid and Lisa Barrington. "Oman's Sultan Qaboos 'stable', treatment ongoing, state TV reports" — , December 31, 2019
- Patrick Wintour. "Oman readies baroque succession process as sultan's health worsens" — , December 22, 2019