Two Syrian journalists killed around New Year's Day
Tuesday, January 3, 2012
The last two journalists reported killed at the turn of the year were Syrians; just at a time when and violence in the country are escalating, and the begins its initial assessment of the situation.
Shot on December 30, and the first journalist to die in 2012, was veteran journalist Shukri Ratib Abu Burghol. The senior journalist was shot in the face after arriving home from work at a radio station in, on the southern outskirts of the capital city . According to , he died three days after the shooting at Al Mouwsat Hospital.
Burghol, 56, was a journalist for about 21 years, working for the newspaper Al-Thawra (The Revolution) whilst also hosting a weekly show for Radio Damascus. A source told the Xinhua news agency Burghol had received threats.
Basil Al-Sayed became the last journalist to die in 2011, shot on December 29 by a sniper in the city of. The Arab League has confirmed that the Syrian government have been seen using snipers against protesters elsewhere in . The shooting of Al-Sayed took place in the Bab Amr section of Homs. The city has been one of the for protests against 's government during 2011. In the last week of the year, the Bab Amr neighbourhood was by the Syrian military and experienced heavy violence.
The 24-year-old camera operator was awho uploaded his videos to sites to spread information about the protests. and have been some of the the most at-risk during the Arab uprisings in and . — the first known journalist to be killed in Syria — was a freelance camera operator, arrested on November 19 whilst filming protests in , . He was found dead the following day. In Syria, citizen journalists like Al-Sayed, and freelancers like Jarban, have been risking their lives by openly recording videos of protests which may serve as documentary evidence of human rights' abuse.
Currently information is hard to verify and reliable independent sources are largely banned or restricted inside Syria. Foreign journalists have been barred from the country, and from covering the protests.
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At the end of 2011 Arab League observers had sent out observers to different cities in Syria to monitor the situation, whilst one of its advisers called for the organization to retreat after Al-Assad's government reneged on agreements to halt the crackdown.
According to United Nations, more than 5,000 people have been killed during the Syrian uprising, a figure that includes around 300 children., at the
Three journalists are now known to have been killed in Syria.
In December, the(CPJ) addressed an open letter to Syrian President Al-Assad calling for the release of all journalists in detention; the CPJ documented 29 cases of journalists being detained in 2011.
The CPJ reported that 45 journalists were killed worldwide in 2011, whereas — using differing criteria — Reporters Without Borders state that 66 journalists around the world died in 2011, and assert that, by almost every indicator, violence and censorship against international journalists was worse in 2011, up 16% on their 2010 figures.
- Xinhua. "Syrian Journalist Dies of His Wounds in Restive Suburb of Damascus" — , January 2, 2012
- "Journalist dies from gunshot injury received three days ago" — , January 2, 2011
- "Syrian Journalist Abu el-Burghol martyred" — , January 2, 2012
- "2011 : 66 Journalists killed" — , December 31, 2011
- "Arab League observer 'saw snipers in Deraa'" — , December 31, 2011
- "45 Journalists Killed in 2011/Motive Confirmed" — , December 31, 2011
- Brett Smiley. "Syrian Citizen Journalist Shot and Killed by Security Forces" — , December 30, 2011
- "A second citizen journalist killed in Homs" — , December 30, 2011
- Salma Abdelaziz. "Homs in grief after 'eye of truth' dies" — , December 30, 2011
- Ahmed Al Omran. "Basil Al-Sayed, Who Chronicled The Syrian Uprising, Is Dead" — , December 29, 2011
- "Syria's Homs under a military siege, activists say" — , December 24, 2011
- "The 10 most dangerous places for journalists" — , December 21, 2011
- "Syria must release imprisoned journalists" — , December 14, 2011
- "As Syrian death toll tops 5,000, UN human rights chief warns about key city" — , December 12, 2011