UN Security Council approves African Union peace keepers for Somalia
Friday, February 23, 2007
The 15 member council met last Tuesday (February 20), and unanimously authorized Resolution 1744, allowing African Union member states to establish a mission in Somalia "...to support dialogue and reconciliation in Somalia by assisting with the free movement, safe passage and protection" of those involved in the national reconciliation congress, including the federal transition government led by.
Other goals will be to create the "necessary security conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance", and to secure key infrastructure. The mission has been designated as, an acronym that stands for African Mission in Somalia.
The initiative for the national reconciliation congress was announced by Somalian Presidentduring a recent summit of the African Union. In the resolution text, the Council reminds that the congress needs a broad base, with representation of the diversity of the Somalian people.
While exact numbers remain unknown, diplomatic sources spoke of some 8,000 troops that could be sent to the region, half of which would be provided by Burundi, Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda. Ugunda would be the first to start with a phased operation to deploy their troops, some 1,500.
Ethiopia will not take part in AMISOM. The country's intervention in Somalia in December 2006, working together with forces loyal to Gedi, received much criticism.
Ethiopian prime minister, who recently announced the retreat of the army from Somalia, admitted that he didn't wish for his country to be present any longer, and that the war only served to protect Ethiopia from the , which controlled until last December the largest part of the country, including the capital .
For the purpose of the mission, the Council has lifted the arms embargo in effect since 1992, which it says has helped greatly for peace and security in Somalia. States supplying weapons and supplies still need to inform the sanctions committee, adding that the Council intends to "consider urgently" ways to strengthen the embargo's effectiveness.
Accompanying the resolution, the Security Council has asked Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon "to send a Technical Assessment Mission to the African Union headquarters and Somalia as soon as possible to report on the political and security situation and the possibility of a UN Peacekeeping Operation following the AU’s deployment."
|This is a complete or partial translation of the article "Somalie : le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU autorise l'intervention de l'Union africaine", from the French language Wikinews, published under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License.|
- Deutsche Presse-Agentur. "UN Security Council authorized peacekeepers for Somalia" — , February 21, 2007
- Edith M. Lederer (AP). "U.N Authorizes AU Force in Somalia" — , February 21, 2007
- Michelle Nichols. "UN Security Council approves Somalia peacekeepers" — , February 21, 2007
- "UN backs peace force for Somalia" — , February 21, 2007
- "Security Council authorizes African-led peace mission in Somalia" — , February 20, 2007
- Press Release: "Security Council authorizes six-month African Union mission in somalia, nanimously adopting resolution 1744 (2007)" — Security Council, February 20, 2007
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