Huygens moon probe to land on Titan
Thursday, January 13, 2005
TheProbe will enter the atmosphere of 's largest moon, , on January 14 at approximately 9 a.m. .
The 318 kg probe will hit the Titan atmosphere at 6 kilometers per second. For the next 2.5 hours, Huygens will slow its descent and begin data transmission from on-board scientific packages to the Cassini Orbiter for relay to Earth. It will touch down on the Titan surface at approximately 11:30 a.m. UTC. The probe will continue data transmission for three to 30 minutes, providing it survives the descent and landing.
NASA launched Cassini-Huygens, the largest interplanetary space craft ever built, on October 15, 1997. The craft arrived at Saturn orbit in July of 2004. It is the fourth craft to visit Saturn and the first to orbit the planet.
On December 25, 2004, the Cassini Orbiter released the Huygens Probe. The probe then began a 20-day trip to Titan.
Experiments on board the Huygens Probe are designed to examine chemical reactions in the atmosphere, the source of Titan's abundant methane gas, the existence of oceans, and the presence of complex organic compounds.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a joint project of NASA and the(ESA).
The probe was named after Dutch astronomer, who discovered Titan in 1655.
The Cassini orbiter was named for, who discovered other moons of Saturn and the gap between Saturn's rings known as the .
- "Cassini-Huygens mission facts" — , Dec. 23 2004
- "ESA Says Huygens Got a Good Start" — , January 11, 2005
- Cassini Mission Homepage by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
- ESA Huygens Homepage
- ESA - Where is Cassini-Huygens now? Interactive Flash-Animation of Cassini orbits through 2008